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Brunel University Research Archive: An empirical study on the interplay between semantic coupling and co-change of software classes

Automatic semantic analysis of 3D content in digital repositories

semantic techniques

In order to permit such folding a special semantics is defined for use

of the backslash. All existing CIFs conforming to the CIF 1.0

specification can be viewed as having exactly the same semantics as they

now have. There is no syntactic property identifying such a reserved prefix, so

that software validating or otherwise handling such local data names must scan

the entire registry and match registered prefixes against the indicated

components of data names.

  • In turn, this will improve the availability and use of 3D content for different purposes.
  • In the past decade game semantics has emerged as a new and successful

    paradigm in the field of semantics of logics and programming


  • We are the preferred choice for SEO services of leading companies in public & private sectors.
  • These models were shown to predict responses in the cerebral cortex relatively well by playing new stories to the subjects and comparing the predicted activity against the actual fMRI observations.
  • As a result of this project, we expect searching for the most relevant item of 3D content amongst the petabytes of information stored in the database will be considerably improved.
  • These considerations mirror the semantic cues we use in everyday conversation to understand what is being said.

On the other hand, the testing also demonstrates the scalability of the system, i.e., varying the evaluation data size is shown to have little impact on the summarizer performance, particularly for the single document summarization task. In a nutshell, the findings demonstrate the power of the role-based and vectorial semantic representation when combined with the crowd-sourced knowledge base in Wikipedia. N2 – Automatic text summarization attempts to provide an effective solution to today's unprecedented growth of textual data. Automatic text summarization attempts to provide an effective solution to today's unprecedented growth of textual data.

Document Processing: Methods for Semantic Text Similarity Analysis

Similarly, when reassembling long-line comments, the reassembly begins with a

comment of the form hash-backslash-line-termination. The initial hash mark is

retained and then a forward scan is made through line-terminations and blanks

for the next comment, from which the initial hash mark is stripped and then the

contents of the comment are appended. If that comment ends with a backslash, the

trailing backslash is stripped and the process repeats. Note that the process

will be ended by intervening tags, values, data blocks or other no-whitespace

information, and that the process will not start at all without the special

hash-backslash-line-termination comment. The backslash character is used to fold long lines in character strings and

comments. In order to provide

a comment with the same meaning which can be fitted into 80 character lines,

prefix the comment with the special comment consisting of a hash mark followed

by a backslash (#\) and the line terminator.

What are the 7 semantic relations?

In 2007, the SemEval-Task 4 organizers introduced a collection of 7 semantic relations which were cho- sen from the most frequently used ones in the litera- ture: Cause-Effect, Instrument-Agency, Product-Producer, Origin-Entity, Theme-Tool, Part-Whole, and Content- Container.

Start with traditional methods of keyword research to identify broader search queries, and then follow by researching more specific keywords. NLP enables computer programs and search engines to understand human language in both spoken and written forms. Semantic SEO investigates the value beyond what is said in the query by focusing on meanings and topics, rather than keywords. Now, Google has a much more accurate understanding of the true meanings behind search queries and content – interpreting user intent, search behaviour and context more accurately than ever before. The arrival of the Hummingbird, the algorithm that Google began to use from 2013, was a determining factor in the development of what is known as the semantics of marketing.

Using Semantic Web Technologies to Support Information Processing and Coalition Decision-Making

Google has implemented support for Semantic SEO since 2013 with its Hummingbird update. Prior to this major update, Google would simply look for keywords in a page, meaning pages with more iterations of the exact target keyword would have ranked better overall. The world of Search Engine Optimisation is constantly evolving, and it is not enough to use common keywords in https://www.metadialog.com/ your content anymore. We are proud of our reputation as a leading UK SEO Agency, earned through high-quality campaigns and building strong relationships with our clients. We are the preferred choice for SEO services of leading companies in public & private sectors. Semantic search aims to replicate this natural language style, and semantic SEO aims to facilitate it.

semantic techniques

By understanding the distinct emotions expressed in text, such as joy, sadness, anger, and fear, enabling more targeted intervention and support mechanisms. The idiom "break a leg" is often used to wish someone good luck in the performing arts, though the literal meaning of the words implies an unfortunate event.

Table of contents

A semantic SEO approach is truly the way forward in SEO, and has been for some time now. Internally linking can therefore help build semantic connections between different pages on your site, indicating which themes are topically related. Semantic SEO strategies mostly relate to content, however there are also technical SEO considerations to make that can help improve your site’s semantic offering.

The semantic field has a growing importance in the search through personal assistants, who must take into account a conversational language and know how to place in a context what the user indicates. Semantic (or sometimes called lexical) fields are a technique often used by writers to keep a certain image persistent in their readers' mind. They are a collection of words which are related to one another be it through their similar meanings, or through a more abstract relation. In making the transformation from the backslash folded form to long lines, it

is very important to strip trailing blanks before attempting to recognize a

backslash as the last character. It is also important to remove the trailing backslashes when reassembling long


Users with ORCIDS

These applications include improved comprehension of text, natural language processing, and sentiment analysis and opinion mining, among others. This paper discusses on a novel technique for semantic searching and retrieval of information about learning materials. A novel structured metametadata model has been created to provide the foundation for a semantic search engine to extract, match and map queries to retrieve relevant results. Metametadata encapsulate metadata instances by using the properties and attributes provided by ontologies rather than describing learning objects. The use of ontological views assists the pedagogical content of metadata extracted from learning objects by using the control vocabularies as identified from the metametadata taxonomy.

2030, Semantic Knowledge Graphing Market Size Industry Report 2023 – Benzinga

2030, Semantic Knowledge Graphing Market Size Industry Report 2023.

Posted: Tue, 19 Sep 2023 11:05:41 GMT [source]

Goal-Oriented Conversational agents (GO-CAs) are programs that interact with humans to serve a specific domain of interest; its’ importance has increased recently and covered fields of technology, sciences and marketing. There are several types of CAs used in the industry, some of them are simple with limited usage, others are sophisticated. Generally, most CAs were to serve the English language speakers, a few were built for the Arabic language, this is due to the complexity of the Arabic language, lack of researchers in both linguistic and computing. The first is the traditional pattern matching goal oriented CA (PMGO-CA), and the other is the semantic goal oriented CA (SGO-CA). Pattern matching conversational agents (PMGO-CA) techniques are widely used in industry due to their flexibility and high performance. However, they are labour intensive, difficult to maintain or update, and need continuous housekeeping to manage users’ utterances (especially when instructions or knowledge changes).

In SEO, planning content used to be a matter of creating pages for keywords with the most promising search volumes. It is important to take a look at the search results for such keyword variations, as this will give you an idea of whether they are semantically related. Your topics can then be mapped hierarchically, with broader topics taking precedence over more specific topics. You should start with a broad topic in mind, and then plan more specific subtopics to target in relation to your main subject. It can sometimes take several searches to get the information we are looking for, but MUM aims to deliver meaningful results much faster by understanding complex queries more accurately.

While this will not be exactly the same as the analysis that occurs when a user carries out a search on a platform like Google, it will serve as a useful guide and provide you with some idea of how well your content will perform. The cost and complexity of dense annotations required for this task makes it particularly interesting to leverage any technique contributing to the reduction of the number of required manual annotations. In the early days of SEO, the mainstream approach would have been to create multiple pages for each variation of a keyword, as Google would only be able to scan content for keywords and the density of their presence.

This paper outlines three techniques and tools which have recently arisen from Semantic Web research in the International Technology Alliance. The first of these techniques is POAF (Portable Ontology Aligned Fragments), which addresses issues relating to the portability and usage of ontology alignments. POAF uses an ontology fragmentation strategy to achieve portability, and semantic techniques it enables subsequent usage of ontologies through a form of automated ontology modularization. The third technique is NITELIGHT, which is a tool that has been created to better support end users with respect to the creation and editing of semantic queries. NITELIGHT uses a visual query language, called vSPARQL, and it is based on the W3C SPARQL query language specification.

It is far more efficient to target medium-tail keywords using high-quality, expansive content. Google will find your page, judge its relevance, and show it for relevant queries regardless of the presence of specific long-tail keywords and variations. Hummingbird brought about an extensive overhaul to how Google interprets the relevance of content to users’ query. Keyword search was replaced by a much smarter protocol that attempts to decipher a page’s topic, taking a lot of power away from keywords themselves.

semantic techniques

This is semantically relevant information that provides insight into how Google understands your chosen topic. SERP features provide an impression of the kinds of subtopics, themes and similar searches that relate to your chosen topic. You will likely find that the search results are identical, even though both search terms are formed differently – this is because Google understands that, semantically, they share the same meaning under the same topic. Instead of focusing on keywords, sites now need to take a more holistic approach to SEO that considers topical relevance and user value. We are increasingly relying on search engines to provide the information we need, whenever we need it. In the early days, Google would simply scan web content for keywords in order to match users with results.


The use of metametadata (based on the metametadata taxonomy) supported by the ontologies have contributed towards a novel semantic searching mechanism. This research has presented a metametadata model for identifying semantics and describing learning objects in finer-grain detail that allows for intelligent and smart retrieval by automated search and retrieval software. In the CIF framework, the objects of discourse are described in so-called

data dictionary files, that provide the vocabulary and taxonomic elements. The

dictionaries also contain information about the relationships and attributes of

data items, and thus encapsulate most of the semantic content that is accessible

to software. In practice, different dictionaries exist to service different

domains of crystallography, and a CIF that conforms to a specific dictionary

must be interpreted in terms of the semantic information conveyed in the


The Crystallographic Information File (CIF) standard is an

extensible mechanism for the archival and interchange of information in

crystallography and related structural sciences. Ultimately CIF seeks to

establish an ontology for machine-readable crystallographic information –

that is, a collection of statements providing the relations between

concepts and the logical rules for reasoning about them. Professor Jack Gallant from the University of California, Berkeley, tells us how his team are building an atlas to the semantic system and revealing how our cerebral cortex turns language into meaning.

semantic techniques

Why is it called semantic?

semantics, also called semiotics, semology, or semasiology, the philosophical and scientific study of meaning in natural and artificial languages. The term is one of a group of English words formed from the various derivatives of the Greek verb sēmainō (“to mean” or “to signify”).

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